Tianhe District - CBD of Guangzhou
Tianhe District is one of the ten districts in Guangzhou. In Chinese, the name Tianhe means a river in the sky or simply “sky river” a Chinese name for the Milky Way. It is bordered by Yuexiu District on the west, Baiyun District on the north and Huangpu District on the east. Haizhu District is on its south, though they are separated by the Zhujiang River. Tianhe became a district in the 1980s as the city expanded its size. Back then, it was east of another district called Dongshan (which was merged into Yuexiu in 2005) and it was more suburban like if not rural like. Even though a majority of colleges and universities in the city were located in the district, the rest of the district was mostly composed of rice fields
The first big project built in the district during the 1980s was the Tianhe Sports Center when the city was selected to host the Sixth National Games in 1986. The complex includes a stadium of 65,000 seats, a gymnasium and an indoor swimming pool. Its construction had a lasting impact on the development of the district. Soon other projects followed and rice fields gave away to residential complexes called “xiaoqu” (meaning “little districts”). The construction of xiaoqu began in the mid and late eighties and most of them had residential buildings of no more than 10 stories. Each floor was kept to no more than four units due to the lack of elevators since they would increase the construction cost. Also, due to the sheer number of residential buildings — some xiaoqu had more than 20 residential buildings — a lot of land was needed and thus converted.
The building of Guangzhou East Railway Station in 1990 further contributed to the growth of the district. The old Guangzhou Railway Station is 10 km to the west and was the terminus for trains to and from Beijing and Hong Kong. To relieve the traffic, the East Railroad Station was built and is now the terminus for trains to and from Hong Kong and Shenzhen.
As the district developed, the size of xiaoqu became smaller since land became more valuable and expensive. Most of the new xiaoqu now only consist of four to six residential buildings but each can contain 30 floors or more since the growth of district attracted big developers where the cost of construction (such as elevators) was no longer an issue. Also, taller residential buildings gave rise to taller office buildings. South of the Sports Center and north of the Zhujiang River is Zhujiang New Town, an area desolate a decade ago but which is now one of the fastest-developing areas of Guangzhou. Many of Guangzhou’s newest and most iconic buildings are found in this part of the district. Several venues used for the 2010 Asian Games are located in Tianhe District.
Guangzhou International Finance Centre or Guangzhou West Tower, is a 103-storey, 438.6 m (1,439 ft)skyscraper at Zhujiang Avenue West in the Tianhe District of Guangzhou, It is the 15th tallest building in the world. The building was topped out at the end of 2008.It is a part of the Guangzhou Twin Towers. Construction of the building, designed by Wilkinson Eyre, broke ground in December 2005, and was completed in 2010. The building is used as a conference centre, hotel and office building. Floors 1 through 66 are used as offices, floors 67 and 68 are for mechanical equipment, floors 69 to 98 have a Four Seasons Hotel with the lobby being on the 70th floor, and floors 99 and 100 are used as an observation deck. The building was previously known as Guangzhou West Tower and had a related project, the proposed Guangzhou East Tower, which, at 475 m (1,558 ft), would have been even taller, though that project has been awarded to a different design by Kohn Pedersen Fox, the 530 m (1,740 ft) Chow Tai Fook Centre. The building was the winner of the RIBA 2012 Lubetkin Prize.
Tianhe Sports Centre Stadium
Tianhe Sports Centre Stadium mostly known as Tianhe Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Tianhe District, Guangzhou . It is currently used mostly for football matches. The stadium hosted the football finals of the 2010 Asian Gamesand final match of AFC Champions League twice (2013 and 2015). It was consist of the stadium, the stadium, and the swimming pool. With the rapid development of Sports Center ,it has built a baseball field, a tennis court, a bowling alley, stadium, indoor karting, outdoor swimming pool, fitness race series, Le Yuan and group activity venues and the project site. In 2011, Guangzhou Hengda Taobao Football Club Guangzhou Tianhe stadium as a home.
Tianhe District, Guangzhou
Metro: Line 1 toTianhe Sports Center Station (East Gate), Line 3 to Linhexi Station (North Gate) and Line 1 or 3 to Tiyu Xilu Station (West Gate and South Gate).
Guangdong Museum is located on 215 Wenming Road of Guangzhou, on what was the original site of Sun Yat-sen University. It is a provincial general museum, founded in 1959 and with a land area of 43,000 square meters. It comprises three major parts: the museum, the relic of first national congress of Kuomintang and Lu Xun Memorial House. Other affiliated buildings include Red Tower and the
observatory of Sun Yat-sen University. Not long after the opening of the new Guangdong Museum in May 2010, the old Guangdong Province Museum closed its doors permanently. There are two separate buildings. The building which housed the original National Sun Yat-sen University is now the Lu Xun Memorial Hall and contains an exhibition of objects related to Lu Xun and some other intellectuals who influenced Chinese modernization and indirectly prepared the way for the communist revolution. All notices are only in Chinese.
NO.2 Zhujiang East Road, Zhujing New Town, Tianhe district Guangzhou
Metro: Metro Line 3 of the Pearl River Metro Station Exit B1, forward to the Guangzhou Opera House, along the Riverside Avenue to the east line 200 meters; or subway 5th line Liede Station Exit D, forward to Xian Cun Road left along Xian Cun Road on the South direction about 200 meters.
Bus: take 886, 886A, 293 bus in Xian Cun Road Station; or take 40, 407 bus to the west gate of Guangzhou Opera House Station.
Guangzhou Opera House
The structure was designed by Iraqi architect. Its freestanding concrete auditorium set within an exposed granite and glass-clad steel frame took over five years to build, and was praised upon opening by architectural criticJonathan Glancey in The Guardian, who called it “at
once highly theatrical and insistently subtle.” The dramatic structure was the source of inspiration behind fashion designer Vivienne Tam’s fall ’10 collection. The theatre has become the biggest performing centre in southern China and is one of the three biggest theatres in the nation alongside Beijing’s National Centre for the Performing Arts and Shanghai’s Shanghai Grand Theatre. May 2010 saw American filmmaker Shahar Stroh direct the premiere production of the opera house: Puccini’s opera Turandot which had in previous years been a controversial opera in China.
Pearl River West Road, No. 1 Zhujiang New Town, Tianhe District, Guangzhou
Metro: Line five, line three – by subway to the Pearl River Metro Station B1 exit, forward about 350 meters; APM line — take the APM line to the opera station exit A, walk about 100 meters to the west;
Bus: 40 Road, 194 Road, 777 Road, 778 Road (city square station, South China friendship shop) and walk about 400 meters; 107 Road (Huacheng Avenue Huasui Road) south station, walk about 600 meters;